We explain to you how your body develops at 19 weeks of pregnancy and how your baby is growing. Let us help you clarify all your doubts.
At 19 weeks of pregnancy, the baby continues to grow at a good rate. The baby reacts to sound, touch and light. The thin and delicate skin is now covered with a whitish and greasy substance ( vernix caseosa ) that protects it from the amniotic fluid. Here’s the essentials about the 19th week of pregnancy .
Week 19 – 1st day
- Age of pregnancy : 19 weeks ( 5th month of 2nd trimester )
- Fetal age : 17 weeks
- 19 Weeks of gestation are 133 days of pregnancy
- Length of the fetus : 13 to 15 cm (measured from head to bottom of back)
- Fetal weight : 200 to 240 g (approximately)
- Size : tomato
The uterus is almost at the level of the navel. From now on, it will increase about one centimeter a day. The muscles and ligaments that support the belly are stretching more and more, and it is normal to feel some pain. The arms and legs of the baby are already proportional to each other and to the rest of the body. The hair on the head begins to fall.
At this stage, the senses begin to develop: the baby’s brain begins to define specialized areas for smell, taste, sight, hearing and touch. This week, the baby can hear everything that goes on, and better: he hears his voice.
- Along with the lanugem, a substance called vernix caseosa is formed that protects the skin of the fetus from the liquid environment and also helps to regulate the body temperature
- The nerves are covered by a fatty substance (myelin) that, when isolating the nerves, allows a perfect coordination of the movements
- The temperature regulation system continues to develop
- The baby develops his own rhythm of sleep, independent of the hours of activity and rest of the mother
- The eyes are still closed but you can move them from one place to another
- The bones in the ears harden and the auditory sense clears
- If your baby is a girl, the ovaries already contain the primary oocytes (at birth, your daughter will have about 500,000 primary ovaries that gradually die, reaching 30,000 at puberty) and the uterus is fully formed.
Week 19 – 2nd day
Speak with Your Baby
From the earliest months the baby already listens. So Dad and Mom can sing and talk to their son. Exams show that the baby still in the belly relaxes when listening to music sounds from the “outside world”. The voice of the parents is already recognized and comforting to the baby as soon as it is born.
Time for bathing and feeding are very important for the creation of strong bonds. The bath allows parents to touch the baby and in the after-bath the massage soothes and leaves the baby safe in the hands of the parents.
Involve the parent in this process and encourage him to talk to the baby.
Week 19 – 3rd day
Your baby is getting smarter. A substance called myelin began to form around the neurons (cells of the nervous system). This will ensure the perfect transmission of electrical impulses in the child’s brain, which is of utmost importance for her intellectual development for the rest of her life.
They are reasons to celebrate, after all that was all that was needed for the baby’s nervous system to function impeccably. Moreover, it continues in its routine of development and evolution: fattening, developing and improving skills.
Week 19 – 4th day
Pull the Rings
You would be surprised to learn that many pregnant women have to ask a professional jeweler to cut their finger rings. This is due to the swelling caused by the hormones of pregnancy. If you take your wedding ring that seems impossible, put it on a necklace and wear it close to your neck.
It is always advisable to keep the doctor informed of the swelling so that he can analyze and decide if the swelling is normal or intervene if it endangers the life and well-being of the mother or baby.
Week 19 – 5th day
To prevent swelling in pregnancy, it is important to:
- do not drink sodas and consume foods rich in magnesium, such as celery, for example. Magnesium helps control the pressure
- avoid excess salt (do not totally remove salt, because in addition to sodium, the iodine found in salt is a very important mineral for hormonal balance)
- put your feet up when you are sitting or even lying down with the help of pillows
- maintain fluid intake and
- do some physical activity that does not cause impacts, such as water aerobics or walking on regular ground or grass.
Week 19 – 6th day
The high heel modifies the posture and its center of gravity, putting more pressure on the lumbar region of the spine, already quite vulnerable due to the weight of the belly. The use of low shoes is more advisable, because the ligaments become weaker in the pregnancy and the possibility of twisting the foot with the high heel is greater. A possible fall can be harmful to the baby. Platform shoes, while pressing less to the lumbar, have the same odds of you getting off balance.
Week 19 – 7th day
- The placenta continues to grow to meet the infant’s growing nutritional needs
- If you feel ” heavy “, try using a special strap to help support belly weight. Talk to your doctor about this possibility
- You may notice your hair and nails stronger and stronger
- It is likely to transpire more due to weight gain and the profound hormonal changes that affect all the functions of your body.
Good news, as the belly grew, there is more space for the baby, and it stopped pressing both the bladder. Now you will get up from the bed to go to the bathroom. Take time to rest, as your night’s sleep will improve.
Skin changes in pregnancy
Pregnancy has an impact on the entire body and also on the skin. These are some changes you may notice in your skin throughout pregnancy :
The linea negra is a dark line that appears between the navel and the pubic area, particularly during the 2nd trimester . It arises due to the hormonal changes that cause the increase of melanin production (dark pigmentation of the skin that forms as defense against solar radiation). It disappears over time, in the postpartum , although it may not disappear completely.
Chloasma (or pregnancy mask)
Darker or darker-skinned women are more prone to alterations of skin pigmentation during pregnancy. The chloasma (or melasma) has the appearance of freckles and comes on the forehead, nose and cheekbones, like a mask.
The spots are dark on women with fair skin and light on women with dark skin. Some time after childbirth , chloasma begins to fade.
Hyperpigmentation of the skin
Some women will have freckles on their face or with darker spots between their thighs if there is rubbing skin with skin. To avoid staining on the face, you should wear a sunscreen specific to your face every day, even if you are pregnant in the fall or winter. The spots disappear in the postpartum period.
Palms of red hands and feet
Increased circulating blood volume in the body and altered hormone production cause itching and leave the skin of the palms and feet with a reddish hue.
Dipping your hands and feet in cold water or making icy compresses may help relieve itching. Avoid touching detergents without wearing gloves and anything that might warm hands like woolen gloves. This discomfort disappears after childbirth.
Spotted and purplish legs
Particularly in cold weather, purple spots on the legs and sometimes on the arms may appear. These stains are due to increased estrogen production. After delivery, with the normalization of hormonal production, these spots disappear.
Cutaneous polyps, small bumps that appear on the skin, are very common in pregnancy, especially in the armpits. Normally, they disappear after delivery. If this does not happen they can be easily removed surgically.
Skin irritations can be very irritating. Caused by excessive sweating or rubbing skin or skin with clothing, they are common between the breasts, under the breasts, the inner thighs and the fold between the belly and the pubic area.
Applying wet and cold compresses can help reduce discomfort and irritation. Before placing any medicinal solution on the skin, talk to your doctor.
With more sensitive skin, it can happen to make some allergic reaction to the cosmetic products that used before pregnancy. Switching to a softer product may help. Talk to your doctor if you have any dermatitis or skin irritation.
Tips of Pregnancy
What can you plan for this week?
Ideally, you should start thinking about your baby’s wardrobe in the second trimester . The most fragile period of development is outdated and the size of your belly still allows you to spend a few hours walking the mall looking for everything you need.
Between the 19th and the 22nd week will perform the 2nd ultrasound (or morphological ultrasound ) where, if the baby is positioned the way, will know if you expect a girl or a boy, which also facilitates the decision to buy.
Do not forget to make a shopping list so you do not forget anything important and avoid rushing last minute purchases or buy more than what you really need!
Weight gain during pregnancy
The recommended weight gain in pregnancy varies from woman to woman according to their pre-pregnancy body mass index and number of developing infants.
Since gaining more or less weight than recommended for gestation has consequences for maternal-fetal health, weight is always monitored at each prenatal visit.
To get an idea of the total weight gain (taking into account that they are values that represent an average) see how the weight can be distributed during pregnancy :
- Baby : 3.4 kg
- Placenta : 680 g
- Amniotic fluid : 900 g
- Uterine expansion : 900 g
- Maternal breast tissue : 900 g
- Maternal blood volume : 1.8 kg
- Liquids in maternal tissues : 1.8 kg
- Maternal fat reserves : 3.2 kg
- Total on average: 13.5 kg of weight gain (all weights are approximate).
Can not or will not you quit your job during pregnancy? Keep in mind that, even minimally, pregnancy decreases the ability to concentrate, the physical stamina and the level of attention. However, if you follow simple rules of behavior , you can continue to perform your normal activity in complete safety.
As far as possible, avoid using public transport and change positions several times. If you work sitting up, stretch your legs every two hours, and if you work upright, stretch your legs every two hours, putting them up. After eating, rest for half an hour and do some stretching exercises for legs and back . Do not wear too much clothing and always carry a small bottle of water. If you work with children , animals or toxic substances, seek advice from your gynecologist in order to avoid risk of contagion or intoxication.
Pregnancy Week by week
- 1 Week Pregnant: Early signs of pregnancy
- 2 Weeks Pregnant: Sign, Symptoms, Discharge
- 3 Weeks Pregnant: Sign and Test
- 4 Weeks Pregnant: Ultrasound
- 5 Weeks Pregnant: Belly and Cramping
- 6 Weeks Pregnant: Don’t be afraid of miscarriage
- 7 Weeks Pregnant: Development
- 8 Weeks Pregnant: Bleeding
- 9 Weeks Pregnant: Twins?
- 10 Weeks Pregnant: Fetus
- 11 Weeks Pregnant: Uterus
- 12 Weeks Pregnant: Ultrasound Gender
- 13 Weeks Pregnant: Scan
- 14 Weeks Pregnant: Baby moves
- 15 Weeks Pregnant: Can baby hear in the womb?
- 16 Weeks Pregnant: Baby movement
- 17 Weeks Pregnant: Fetal Development
- 18 Weeks Pregnant: Morphological Ultrasound
- 19 Weeks Pregnant: Weight gain during pregnancy
- 20 Weeks Pregnant: Uterus positions
- 21 Weeks Pregnant: Fetal weight
- 22 Weeks Pregnant: Baby size
- 23 Weeks Pregnant: Fetal movement feel like
- 24 Weeks Pregnant: Position of Baby
- 25 Weeks Pregnant: Sleeping position
- 26 Weeks Pregnant: Food and fruits
- 27 Weeks Pregnant: Trimester
- 28 Weeks Pregnant: Baby position in the womb
- 29 Weeks Pregnant: Symptoms not to ignore
- 30 Weeks Pregnant: Average weight of fetus?
- 31 Weeks Pregnant: How many month i am?
- 32 Weeks Pregnant: How big is baby?
- 33 Weeks Pregnant: Is it safe to deliver?
- 34 Weeks Pregnant: Signs of labor
- 35 Weeks Pregnant: Is how many months?
- 36 Weeks Pregnant: Is it safe to deliver?
- 37 Weeks Pregnant: What are the chances of giving birth?
- 38 Weeks Pregnant: Signs of labor
- 39 Weeks Pregnant: Considered a Term Baby
- 40 Weeks Pregnant: Contractions in Labor