Your menstrual period is over and the ovaries are working full steam ahead. In a week, they will release a mature egg, which will wait, in the trunk, for the spermatozoid to be fertilized. From there, the greatest spectacle of nature begins a future baby will begin to develop.
Why has the count started?
It sounds strange, as you are not officially pregnant yet, but gestation has already started a week ago. Is that so. In fact, the calculations made to know when the baby will be born take into account this period, so you can talk about pregnancy.
To avoid errors, the gestational cycle is calculated from the first day of the last menstrual period. Thus, the newborn, according to this universal formula, is expected to be between 280 and 286 days (or 40 weeks) from that date. For women with very irregular menstrual cycles, obstetricians recommend an ultrasound examination about four weeks after the suspected pregnancy. At this stage, the physician, through the formation of the gestational sac, can evaluate the probable date of delivery.
It is worth remembering that it is at the exact moment of fertilization that the gender of the baby will be determined, as well as all other genetic characteristics. Obviously, data are still imperceptible.
We explain to you how your body develops in the second week of pregnancy and how your baby is growing. Let us help you clarify all your doubts. In the beginning, the embryo consists of a head, a trunk and a tail. The foundation of what will become the baby’s organs begins to form .
Week 2 – 1st day
Growth and Development
This week ovulation and fertilization of the ovum by the spermatozoid occurred. The embryo formed therefrom will be transported into the cavity of the uterus by a propulsive movement of the Fallopian Horn (an organ that connects the ovary to the uterus). The totipotent stem cells generated from fertilization are at one thousand per hour, multiplying with the power and responsibility of forming every tissue and organ of the living being that is being generated. Twelve days after fertilization, it is now possible to make a diagnosis of pregnancy through the ß-hCG test. Start prenatal care. The changes in your body are still imperceptible, but there are already some precautions you can take.
Also begin to form the neural tube, which will transform into the brain, spinal cord, nervous system and spine. The placenta , the organ that will feed your baby in the next nine months, also begins to form.
Week 2 – 2nd day
In this short period of preparation of the body, the conception occurs when a spermatozoon can swim to the uterine tube and penetrate the ovum between 12 and 24 hours after the release of the egg. Soon after being fertilized, the egg, which is now called a zygote, closes its outer membrane to the other 250 spermatozoids (on average), which had also been able to reach the egg (remembering that, by ejaculation, about 300 million sperm).
Your body, from the very first days , begins to adapt to “give place” to the baby and prepare to provide you with all the nutrition you need. In its exterior aspect, a softening of the features will be visible. In addition, the blood volume increases by 50% to start oxygenating the baby . Her estrogen levels increase to warn her that the ovum has been fertilized, and the walls of the uterus thicken to nest the embryo .
It may happen during this week that you feel some bites on the sides of the abdomen. If you are still unaware of your condition, you are more likely to confuse them with ovarian pain.
Week 2 – 3rd day
It’s Body and It’s Baby
After fertilization, the future baby – still very, very small – arrives at the uterus through the tubes, and there is firm or “implants”, where the placenta begins to grow. During the process, some veins may break, causing a slight bleeding. These small blood loss at the very beginning of pregnancy are known as implantation bleeding, and some women do not even realize what is happening, since they appear more or less at the expected time of menstruation. All of this is normal and there is usually no cause for concern, but if you have severe bleeding, be sure to seek medical advice.
Week 2 – 4th day
First and foremost, be aware that there is no way, you will get fat. Weight gain is necessary because your body is growing and changing in order to provide the best conditions for the baby. At birth, it will weigh around 3.3 pounds. See, on average, where the extra pounds go:
- Throughout pregnancy, the muscular layer of your uterus grows large and weighs 900 grams more
- the placenta, which nourishes the baby, weighs 700 grams by the end of the pregnancy
- your breasts increase in size and weigh 400 grams more
- the volume of blood circulating in your body grows, and all extra blood weighs 1.2 kilograms
- you accumulate fluid in the body, in addition to the amniotic fluid that surrounds the baby, a total of an average of 2 kilos
- you accumulate fat in the body during pregnancy to ensure an extra stock of energy for the phase of breastfeeding. This total is about 4 pounds
- by the end of pregnancy, based on that average, you would be weighing 12.5 pounds more than you weighed before you became pregnant.
Week 2 – 5th day
Experts say that women with a higher pre-pregnancy BMI (body mass index) should try to gain as little as possible during pregnancy. Excessive weight gain may increase the risk of hypertension and gestational diabetes, and the baby’s chance of getting too large. But it is not to try to make a regime.
Research shows that – for pregnant women who are overweight or who have gained more weight than recommended in the first half of pregnancy – a low-calorie diet does not reduce the risk of high blood pressure or pre-eclampsia.
The baby will also not benefit if you do regime. The best thing to do is to get guidelines on how to eat sensibly and balanced, so that the pounds do not accumulate too much and the baby grows healthy.
Try to maintain normal eating and decrease the consumption of cookies, cakes, sweets and ice creams, which are not very nutritious. There are even many cases of women who become overweight, begin to pay more attention to food, and even lose weight or gain very little weight during pregnancy.
Week 2 – 6th day
Exercises promote muscle tone, strength and endurance that will help your body carry extra pregnancy weight prepares you for the labor of childbirth and it also helps your body get back into shape after the baby is born. Physical activity during pregnancy also decreases physical discomforts such as back pain , constipation , fatigue and bloating , as well as helping to keep your mood more stable, as well as your self-esteem and your sleep. When a woman has good physical fitness before she becomes pregnant , she is more able to maintain a good level of activity during pregnancy, since it is not the time in pregnancy to try on new sports or more impact.
Week 2 – 7th day
Exercises and Health
Some women need more exercise care. Talk to your doctor before starting any activity if you have high blood pressure, risk premature delivery, or if you have ever had any of the following:
- threat of miscarriage
- premature baby in the past
- heavy bleeding
- problems in the lumbar spine or hip joints
- pre-existing disease.
Tips of Pregnancy
Identical fraternal twins or identical twins?
Fraternal twins or dizygotic twins: two different ovules are fertilized by two distinct spermatozoids
In the case of fraternal twin twins , two distinct eggs are released which are subsequently fertilized by two different spermatozoids . Thus, the two babies are two completely distinct individuals , genetically similar, similar to other children that the same parents have or will generate.
They may share the same placenta or each have their own placenta . Fraternal twins are the most common.
Identical twins result from an egg that has been fertilized by a spermatozoon. At some point in the initial process of cell division , these divide into two giving rise to two embryos. Therefore, identical twins share the same genetic information.
How to prevent infertility?
Currently, it is believed that, in addition to abnormalities related to the reproductive system and some diseases (cardiovascular, oncological, autoimmune and sexually transmitted infections, among others), there are lifestyle factors that can interfere with conception, such as:
- Postponement of the age of conception
- Sedentary habits
- Excessive consumption of fats, tobacco, alcohol, and drugs, including steroids and marijuana, that impair sperm quality .
- The frequency of intercourse also matters
- According to a study by researchers at the University of Indiana, published in Fertility and Sterility and in Physiology and Behavior , having more sex raises a woman’s fertility as it increases the fertile time , prepares the female immune system for pregnancy and helps maintain the uterus healthy .
Long periods of sexual abstinence may decrease sperm quality. Couples should have at least two to three intercourse a week during the fertile period .
A couple is more likely to get pregnant if they have sex every day, or every two days during the fertile time. Pregnancy is more likely if the couple has intercourse until the 6th day of this period, which ends the day the egg is released ( ovulation ).
Some commercial lubricants and other substances used as lubricants during intercourse (such as saliva or olive oil) should be avoided during the fertile period. These substances can affect the ability of sperm to travel and decrease their survival time after ejaculation.
Improve male fertility
Man’s fertility can be improved through a healthy lifestyle: maintaining an ideal weight, eating a diet rich in antioxidants (fruits and vegetables) or multivitamin supplements can improve sperm quality.
Reducing stress and managing chronic diseases (such as blood pressure and diabetes ) can also help improve male fertility.
The sperm is produced continuously, and it takes about 3 months to mature. So changes in lifestyle can improve sperm quality in just a few months.
It is very common that, in the first weeks, the symptoms of pregnancy are confused with the premenstrual symptoms. In addition, increased tenderness in the breasts and mood swings very easily remind the impending arrival of menstruation . If you are pregnant, you will quickly discover that this is not the reason for your irritability or tiredness.
It is not yet possible to confirm pregnancy through analysis . The result will only be reliable after two weeks.
Pregnancy Week by week
- 1 Week Pregnant: Early signs of pregnancy
- 2 Weeks Pregnant: Sign, Symptoms, Discharge
- 3 Weeks Pregnant: Sign and Test
- 4 Weeks Pregnant: Ultrasound
- 5 Weeks Pregnant: Belly and Cramping
- 6 Weeks Pregnant: Don’t be afraid of miscarriage
- 7 Weeks Pregnant: Development
- 8 Weeks Pregnant: Bleeding
- 9 Weeks Pregnant: Twins?
- 10 Weeks Pregnant: Fetus
- 11 Weeks Pregnant: Uterus
- 12 Weeks Pregnant: Ultrasound Gender
- 13 Weeks Pregnant: Scan
- 14 Weeks Pregnant: Baby moves
- 15 Weeks Pregnant: Can baby hear in the womb?
- 16 Weeks Pregnant: Baby movement
- 17 Weeks Pregnant: Fetal Development
- 18 Weeks Pregnant: Morphological Ultrasound
- 19 Weeks Pregnant: Weight gain during pregnancy
- 20 Weeks Pregnant: Uterus positions
- 21 Weeks Pregnant: Fetal weight
- 22 Weeks Pregnant: Baby size
- 23 Weeks Pregnant: Fetal movement feel like
- 24 Weeks Pregnant: Position of Baby
- 25 Weeks Pregnant: Sleeping position
- 26 Weeks Pregnant: Food and fruits
- 27 Weeks Pregnant: Trimester
- 28 Weeks Pregnant: Baby position in the womb
- 29 Weeks Pregnant: Symptoms not to ignore
- 30 Weeks Pregnant: Average weight of fetus?
- 31 Weeks Pregnant: How many month i am?
- 32 Weeks Pregnant: How big is baby?
- 33 Weeks Pregnant: Is it safe to deliver?
- 34 Weeks Pregnant: Signs of labor
- 35 Weeks Pregnant: Is how many months?
- 36 Weeks Pregnant: Is it safe to deliver?
- 37 Weeks Pregnant: What are the chances of giving birth?
- 38 Weeks Pregnant: Signs of labor
- 39 Weeks Pregnant: Considered a Term Baby
- 40 Weeks Pregnant: Contractions in Labor