At 20 weeks of pregnancy, you are halfway through your pregnancy! With the complete development of your baby’s body and organs, this one is dedicated to growing, accumulating fat under the skin and maturing the functioning of your organs. Here’s the essentials about the 20th week of pregnancy .
20 Weeks of pregnancy
- Age of pregnancy : 20 weeks ( 5th month of 2nd trimester )
- Fetal age : 18 weeks
- 20 Weeks of pregnancy are 140 days pregnant
- Fetal length : 14 to 16 cm (measured from head to back)
- Fetal weight : 255 to 300 g (approximately)
- Size : green pepper
Week 20 – 1st day
Your baby’s growth is now slowing down. The kidneys already produce urine, which expels into the amniotic fluid .
The skin is less transparent and the hair begins to appear and will soon replace the fine hair that covers the head. Nerve cells related to the senses of taste, smell, hearing, sight and touch are developing in their respective brain regions.
The eyelids remain closed but the eyebrows and eyelashes are taking shape. Still thin and delicate, the legs lengthen and the nails reach the fingertips.
With the gradual development and maturation of the muscular and nervous systems, your little baby gains coordination of movements: he joins hands, manages to grasp, kicks his finger, rolls, turns, brings his hand to his mouth or covers his face with his hands .
The baby already sleeps and wakes up like a newborn. With the auditory sense more and more, he can already recognize his voice among all the other sounds. If you caress your belly, he feels your movements.
At this point, it already weighs 255 to 300 g and measures about 14 to 16 cm. The uterus is exactly at the height of the navel. The baby’s body is covered by a greasy white substance called vernix caseosa, which protects the skin from long immersion in the amniotic fluid. When the delivery time comes, this lining will also facilitate passage through the birth canal.
The baby already swallows more, this is a good workout for the digestive system. It has also begun to produce meconium, a black sticky substance made up of dead cells, digestive secretions and inhaled amniotic fluid. This substance builds up in the intestines, and you’ll see when you change your baby’s first diaper. Some babies also eliminate it in labor or under stress in the fetal environment.
Note: According to experts, each baby develops at its own pace, into the uterus. Fetal development photos are intended to give just a general idea of how the baby grows during pregnancy.
Week 20 – 2nd day
There are some techniques that can be used to strengthen the skin of the nipples and stimulate the mammary glands. All to avoid problems at the time of breastfeeding.
The number one rule is to wash the nipple only with water. Do not use soap. They already have an ideal natural moisturizing that should be preserved. All day in the bath, use a vegetable wax to wash the nipples. Gradually, as a protective mechanism, the skin begins to thicken and stay sturdier, preparing for the baby’s constant suckling after birth.
Sunbathing is one of the best procedures to prepare the breasts. Take 10 to 15 minutes of sunshine every morning, before 10 in the morning or after 3 in the afternoon. Depending on your skin type and the intensity of the sun, you can increase or decrease this time a little. If you do not like sunbathing, you can use an incandescent bulb for the same purpose (40W or 60W is enough).
The heat from the sun and the lamp leaves the skin more resistant. This tip is special especially after delivery, when breastfeeding has already begun and the nipples are sensitive or cracked.
Week 20 – 3rd day
You’re halfway through the pregnancy. Now, after four and a half months, her uterus has grown three times longer than her normal size. From now on, your uterus will grow almost an inch every week until the time of delivery.
Most likely, your specialist will ask you to have an ultrasound at this time to determine: the date of delivery and the correct placement of the placenta. The ultrasound offers the possibility to count your little fingers, to see the sex (if you want to know) and to reaffirm that everything is well inside. Ask for ultrasound photos to collect in the baby’s photo album.
Week 20 – 4th day
Anemia, due to iron deficiency in the blood, occurs in approximately 20% of pregnant women. Iron is an important nutrient during pregnancy and therefore it is necessary to make sure that the pregnant woman consumes it properly.
The baby needs it to make red blood cells. Among the iron-rich foods are lean red meats, lentils and green leafy vegetables. To facilitate the absorption of this nutrient, eat these foods along with citrus rich in vitamin C, such as orange to increase its absorption.
Week 20 – 5th day
Emotion, instability and more intolerance are common at this stage of pregnancy. Expectations about the baby and her well-being trigger emotions that need to be understood by those who live with you. Make this clear to your friends and family . The changes in her body and the inability to perform tasks, which were once easy, can make her rather grumpy.
A certain amount of stress can be beneficial in encouraging us to take strong actions in life, but constant stress can have negative effects on you and the baby. If you have a very stressful life, you should take the necessary steps to be able to relax.
Week 20 – 6th day
Avoid Risk Situations
Practicing physical exercises is highly recommended for pregnant women. But do not overdo it. Do not even think about playing high-impact sports. Even a beach volleyball match can end in a hefty tummy or a tumble that can harm your baby. Continue with your walks, water aerobics or with exercises approved by your obstetrician.
Week 20 – 7th day
Now the pants do not close anymore. It’s time to shop, but do not waste on pieces of clothing that can not be taken advantage of later. Nowadays there are several specialized stores for future moms. It works with the concept of pregnant fashion, rather than clothes of pregnant. Stylish jeans trousers with elastic waist and low cut blouses with modern fabrics can always be enjoyed for a long time afterwards.
Tips of Pregnancy
The uterus positions itself at the level of the navel and its belly is well rounded.
By this week, you may feel a tightening / relaxation sensation in the muscles of the uterus are called false labor contractions or Braxton Hicks contractions . Although uncomfortable, these uterine contractions do not cause pain.
With baby growth and weight gain, you may experience some discomfort caused by fluid retention, especially in the hands, legs and ankles.
Wearing resting socks (or elastic stockings depending on the degree of discomfort and suffering from pre-pregnancy varicose veins), moving around, avoiding being in the same position for a long time or exercising are just some of the things you can do to feel better.
What can you plan for this week?
This week you can perform the 2nd pregnancy ultrasound or morphological ultrasound. This ultrasound will examine the morphology of your baby in detail, assess the condition of the placenta and the umbilical cord, and screen for preeclampsia .
This ultrasound will give you a perfect view of your baby, as if you were watching a photograph. You can clearly see the profile of the face, hands and feet, the little fingers and find out if you are pregnant with a boy or a girl. Since you still have plenty of room to move around, you may see him make a series of gestures and move vigorously.
Between this and the 22nd week will perform the 3rd routine consultation of pregnancy .
Tips for your partner
Take advantage of this calmer phase of pregnancy to plan the baby’s room and make the list of what you need to buy for your baby’s layette .
When considering the baby’s room, consider the needs of the baby’s caregiver. The equipment and accessories should be practical and easy to achieve without causing accidents.
Take the time to take your partner for a walk, a date or a walk after dinner.
Ultrasound of this trimester is particularly exciting and revealing. For many parents, this moment is the realization of the baby. He is right there, he moves with energy, and the features of his face are already recognizable.
In the second phase of vaginal delivery , you will feel a strong urge to use force to help expel the baby. The muscles of the pelvic region play a very important role in this effort. The more resilient and elastic the lower the risk of injury. So you should strengthen the perineum muscles by practicing Kegel exercises daily.
In addition to their role in labor, stronger and stronger pelvic muscles also improve muscle tone, which helps prevent urinary incontinence in the future. These exercises, due to the general benefits they bring to women’s health, should be carried out throughout their lives, especially in the postpartum period .
Screening for Down’s syndrome in the first 24 weeks of pregnancy
The Down syndrome (mongolism or trisomy 21) is a genetic disease with no cure that causes problems and significant mental and physical disabilities.
Down syndrome can cause a more or less serious impairment of baby to baby which will reflect differently on your future quality of life.
Even when performing prenatal tests, there is no way to define the degree of affectation of the baby by the disease during pregnancy.
The diagnosis of Down syndrome in pregnancy is performed through examinations: amniocentesis and biopsy of the chorionic villi . Both tests are invasive because they involve the collection of a sample of the amniotic fluid and small fragments of the placenta tissue in the second.
If there is reason to suspect that your baby will suffer from Down syndrome, you may want to consider stopping the pregnancy
If prone to varicose veins , pregnancy favors its onset in the lower extremities and around the vagina. This is due to the relaxing action that hormones of pregnancy exert on the walls of the veins and the congestion that the weight of the uterus causes in them.
To avoid varicose veins, you should rest your legs at regular intervals, wear compression stockings and avoid tight clothing.
Did you go to the gynecological check-up? The fifth month ‘s analyzes include: blood test, anti- toxoplasmosis antibody scan, ultrasound and doppler flowmetry , an ultrasound of the uterine arteries.
Pregnancy Week by week
- 1 Week Pregnant: Early signs of pregnancy
- 2 Weeks Pregnant: Sign, Symptoms, Discharge
- 3 Weeks Pregnant: Sign and Test
- 4 Weeks Pregnant: Ultrasound
- 5 Weeks Pregnant: Belly and Cramping
- 6 Weeks Pregnant: Don’t be afraid of miscarriage
- 7 Weeks Pregnant: Development
- 8 Weeks Pregnant: Bleeding
- 9 Weeks Pregnant: Twins?
- 10 Weeks Pregnant: Fetus
- 11 Weeks Pregnant: Uterus
- 12 Weeks Pregnant: Ultrasound Gender
- 13 Weeks Pregnant: Scan
- 14 Weeks Pregnant: Baby moves
- 15 Weeks Pregnant: Can baby hear in the womb?
- 16 Weeks Pregnant: Baby movement
- 17 Weeks Pregnant: Fetal Development
- 18 Weeks Pregnant: Morphological Ultrasound
- 19 Weeks Pregnant: Weight gain during pregnancy
- 20 Weeks Pregnant: Uterus positions
- 21 Weeks Pregnant: Fetal weight
- 22 Weeks Pregnant: Baby size
- 23 Weeks Pregnant: Fetal movement feel like
- 24 Weeks Pregnant: Position of Baby
- 25 Weeks Pregnant: Sleeping position
- 26 Weeks Pregnant: Food and fruits
- 27 Weeks Pregnant: Trimester
- 28 Weeks Pregnant: Baby position in the womb
- 29 Weeks Pregnant: Symptoms not to ignore
- 30 Weeks Pregnant: Average weight of fetus?
- 31 Weeks Pregnant: How many month i am?
- 32 Weeks Pregnant: How big is baby?
- 33 Weeks Pregnant: Is it safe to deliver?
- 34 Weeks Pregnant: Signs of labor
- 35 Weeks Pregnant: Is how many months?
- 36 Weeks Pregnant: Is it safe to deliver?
- 37 Weeks Pregnant: What are the chances of giving birth?
- 38 Weeks Pregnant: Signs of labor
- 39 Weeks Pregnant: Considered a Term Baby
- 40 Weeks Pregnant: Contractions in Labor