Freedom of opinion, freedom of expression, and freedom of the press are human rights protected by the Pancasila, the 1945 Constitution and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights of the United Nations. The existence of cyber media in Indonesia is also part of freedom of opinion, freedom of expression and freedom of the press.
Cyber media has a special character that requires guidance so that its management can be carried out professionally, fulfilling its functions, rights and obligations in accordance with Law Number 40 of 1999 concerning the Press and the Journalistic Code of Ethics. For this reason, the Press Council together with press organizations, cyber media managers and the public compiled the Cyber Media News Guidelines as follows:
- Cyber Media is all forms of media that use internet vehicles and carry out journalistic activities, as well as meeting the requirements of the Press Law and Press Company Standards set by the Press Council.
- User Generated Content is any content created and or published by cyber media users, including articles, images, comments, sounds, videos and various forms of upload attached to cyber media, such as blogs, forums, reader comments or viewers, and other forms.
Verification and balance of news
- In principle every news must be verified.
- News that can harm other parties requires verification on the same news to fulfill the principle of accuracy and balance.
- The provisions in item (a) above are exempted, provided that:
- News really contains urgent public interests;
The first news source is a source that is clearly identified, credible and competent;
- News subjects that must be confirmed are unknown and or cannot be interviewed;
- The media explained to the reader that the news still needed further verification which was attempted as soon as possible. Explanation is included at the end of the same news, in parentheses and using italics.
- News really contains urgent public interests;
- After loading the news in accordance with item (c), the media is obliged to continue verification efforts, and after verification is obtained, the verification results are included in the update news with a link on news that has not been verified.
User Generated Content
- The cyber media must include the terms and conditions of User Defined Content which are not in conflict with Law No. 40 of 1999 on Press and Code of Ethics of Journalism, which is placed in a clear and clear manner.
- Cyber media requires each user to register membership and log-in to be able to publish all forms of User-Generated Content. Provisions regarding log-in will be further regulated.
- In these registrations, cyber media requires users to give written approval that User Created Content published:
- It does not contain lies, defamatory, sadistic and obscene;
- It does not contain content that contains prejudice and hatred in relation to tribes, religions, races, and groups (SARA), and advocates acts of violence;
- Does not contain discriminatory contents on the basis of sex and language differences, and does not demean the weak, poor, sick, mentally handicapped, or physically disabled.
- Cyber media has the absolute authority to edit or delete User-Made Content that is contrary to item (c).
- Cyber media is obliged to provide a complaint mechanism for User Artificial Content which is considered to violate the provisions in point (c). The mechanism must be provided in a place that is easily accessible to the user.
- Cyber media is obliged to edit, delete, and take corrective actions for each reported User Content and violate the provisions of item (c) as soon as possible proportionally no later than 2 x 24 hours after the complaint is received.
- Cyber media that has complied with the provisions of items (a), (b), (c), and (f) are not burdened with responsibility for any problems arising from the loading of content in violation of the provisions of item (c).
- Cyber media is responsible for User Artificial Content which is reported if it does not take corrective action after the deadline as referred to in item (f).
Errors, Corrections, and Right of Reply
- Errors, corrections, and right of reply refer to the Press Law, Journalistic Code of Ethics, and Answer Rights Guidelines determined by the Press Council.
- Errata, correction and / or right of reply must be linked to the news that is rectified, corrected or given the right to answer.
- In each news errata, correction, and right of reply must be included in the loading time of the error, correction, and / or right of reply.
- When a certain cyber media news is disseminated to other cyber media, then:
- The responsibility of newsmaker cyber media is limited to news published on the cyber media or cyber media which is under its technical authority;
- Correction of news carried out by a cyber media, must also be done by other cyber media citing news from the corrected cyber media;
- Media that disseminates news from a cyber media and does not make corrections to the news according to those carried out by cyber media owners and / or news makers, is fully responsible for all legal consequences of the news that is not corrected.
Revocation of News
- News that has been published cannot be revoked for reasons of censorship from outside the editor, except related to racial issues, decency, the future of the child, traumatic experiences of the victim or based on other special considerations determined by the Press Council.
- Other cyber media must follow the revocation of news quotes from origin media that have been revoked.
- Revocation of news must be accompanied by reasons for revocation and announced to the public.
- Cyber media must clearly distinguish between news products and advertisements.
- Every news / article / content that is an advertisement or paid content must include ‘advertorial’, ‘advertisement’, ‘ads’, ‘sponsored’, or other words that explain that the news / article / content is an advertisement.
The cyber media is obliged to respect copyright as regulated by applicable laws and regulations.
Inclusion of Guidelines
Cyber media must include the Guidelines for Reporting on Cyber Media in the media in a clear and clear manner.
The final assessment of the dispute regarding the implementation of the Cyber Media Disclosure Guidelines was completed by the Press Council.