Waiting for the Moment of Pregnancy can be a dream in many women’s lives. Side effects, however, can be difficult in the first few months. The morning sickness is one of the most common complaints among ‘new moms’ and goes by the scientific name of Queasiness or nausea.
The term ‘morning’ itself is a misnomer as it can happen during any time of day or night, usually in the first twelve weeks. Although the experience is unpleasant, it does not put the baby at risk.
The disease should not be confused with a very severe form of nausea and vomiting called hyperemesis gravidarum (HG), which can be very serious and needs specialized treatment.
Symptoms of the disease
What are the symptoms of morning sickness ? While some women may suffer greatly during the first trimester due to constant nausea, some lucky women may ignore the symptom altogether.
Is there a cure for the disease?
Those who suffer from morning sickness often recommend a number of lifestyle changes that may help reduce symptoms.
According to the NHS (Public Health System) of England, it is important to follow a few points:
Rest a lot:
- Drink plenty of fluids
- Eat little and often
- Eat low-carbohydrate, low-fat meals
- Eat dry or simple foods, such as cookies
- Eat cold food instead of hot
- Avoid cold or sweet drinks
- Wear comfortable and loose clothing
Find something to distract yourself
If your morning sickness does not improve over time, your general practitioner may suggest a short-course course of an anti-disease drug that is safe. Another recommendation may be acupressure on the wrist. Many also indicate natural remedies such as ginger, mint and vitamin B6.
Nausea in pregnancy is good for baby’s health
Believe! Discomfort is a strong indication that the child is developing well and may even impact higher scores on IQ tests
In the first few months, amidst the anxiety of the pregnancy news, you feel that rapturous discomfort early in the morning. He can not even think of eating, and any smell makes sickness worse. Nausea is common in pregnancy. They happen because of the hormonal changes of the period. “The amount of Beta HCG, considered the hormone of pregnancy, for example, doubles every 48 hours,” explains obstetrician Karina Zulli of Hospital and Maternity São Luiz (SP). Progesterone and estrogen also reach peak levels in the first few months.
Despite the inconvenience that nausea poses, experts celebrate the sensation. “It’s okay. When the pregnant women complain of nausea, we are happy, “says obstetrician Abner Lobão, Federal University of São Paulo. And a review of ten studies has just confirmed that this classic symptom of pregnancy is, in fact, beneficial to the baby’s health.
To reach this result, American scientists have analyzed the results of research involving hundreds of thousands of pregnant women. The study, published in the journal Reproductive Toxicology , proves that pregnant women who are sick are less likely to have an abortion or have a preterm birth and their babies are less likely to have developmental problems, and overall test performance of IQ in the future.
However, according to experts, this does not mean that women who escape the symptom should worry. On the other hand, those who live unwell, without the food stopping in the stomach, have just gained a consolation.
The exception is for cases of hyperemesis gravidarum , a picture of much more intense nausea. It affects about 5% of pregnant women and often requires hospitalization so that the woman receives medication and food intravenously, since nothing oral is used. Only he is able to differentiate a simple sickness of the disease and indicate the appropriate treatment.
Why does morning sickness occur in the mornings?
Nausea or vomiting in the early morning (also known as “morning sickness”) is so common that it is generally recognized as a symptom of normal pregnancy. It occurs soon after waking, often as having vomiting craving rather than real vomiting , thus typically does not disrupt the health of pregnant women.
In a smaller proportion of cases (with an average incidence of 3.5 in 1,000 births) vomiting tends to be more severe and persistent, and is known as hyperemesis gravidarum . In these women liquid and electrolyte disturbances can occur and often require hospital admission.
Mechanism and periodicity of morning sickness
The exact factors responsible for pregnancy-related nausea and vomiting (morning sickness) are still not fully explained. Although several different theories have been proposed and elaborated, none of them have been definitively proven. Among the most common theories are increased hormone levels, altered mobility of the gastrointestinal tract, and psychological or emotional causes.
An increase in estrogen and progesterone levels can cause morning sickness. While progesterone also relaxes the stomach and intestines, it can result in upper stomach acids and, subsequently, gastroesophageal low tide disease. Since these hormones cause the active tide at night, symptoms are usually worse in the morning.
Human chorionic gonadotropin can also lead tovomiting by stimulating another endogenous hormone – vasopressin. Since vasopressin is an emetic, the increased sensitivity of the physiological mechanisms for the release of vasopressin could be a mechanism for morning sickness.
Hypoglycemia or low blood sugar caused by the energy requirements of the placenta is another theory of pregnancy-related nausea and vomiting.
Morning sickness may represent an adaptation or evolutionary trait that protects pregnant mothers (and their unborn child) from food poisoning. Since women with morning sickness do not have the affinity for potential contaminated food (such as eggs, poultry or meat), the chances of survival for both their and their fetus are higher.
Management of morning sickness
As pregnancy-related nausea and vomiting affect a large percentage of women, health care providers and patients should be aware of evidence-based information on various treatments and should be tailored individually for each pregnant woman.
Some of the treatment options are proper diet, drinking at least two liters of fluids per day, taking prenatal vitamins, antacids, intake of fibers for constipation, as well as spitting out excessive saliva and mouth washing . Herbal products such as ginger and vitamin B6 can also be used safely, although medical literature shows varying degrees of effectiveness.